How to form a Korean sentence (Step by step guide)
Many beginner Korean learners struggle with their first grammar hurdle which is to form a sentence. It looks daunting at a glance but it can easily be done if you find the right resource (and you just did). Let's find out how to form a Korean sentence by making "I love you" in Korean.
Step 1. Korean sentence order
English: Subject + Verb + Object
Korean: Subject + Object + Verb
Before everything else, you need to know Korean sentence order is different from English one. In Korean, an object comes before a verb, meaning a verb comes at the end of a sentence. So "I love you" would be something like, "I you love," in Korean. Now let's see what I, you, love are in Korean.
Step 2. I you love
Then, "I you love" will be 저 당신 사랑해요, right? Done! How can it be so easy?
It isn't. Life is not simple as that. You forgot these monsters which are...
Step 3. Particles
I make the word SUBJECT: 이/은/는가 (Subject markers)
I make the word OBJECT: 을/를 (Object markers)
In Korean, there are subject markers which make a word a subject and object markers which make a word an object. Subject markers are 이,은,는,가 while object markers are 을,를. They vary according to the words. For example,
Last step. I you love + Particles = final sentence!
I: 저 +는
You: 당신 +을
= 저는 당신을 사랑해요.
저 takes 는 as its subject marker while 당신 takes 을 as its object marker, so the final result is 저는 당신을 사랑해요.
Now you know how to make 'I love you' in Korean. It wasn't that hard, right? You just have to change the sentence order and add the right particles, then you're all set! Of course, you'll have to learn a few more things like which particles to use for the word to finally master forming a Korean sentence. But this is a good start. You did great. Leave a comment if there's any question. We'll see again!
Your Friendly Grammar Girl, Ari